使用Apt-Get安装Git时出错

Modified on: Sat, 09 Jun 2018 10:39:53 +0800

当我尝试在Ubuntu 11.04的服务器发行版上安装git时,出现错误。我使用了以下命令:

sudo apt-get install git

这就产生了这个错误:

(Reading database ... 
dpkg: warning: files list file for package `git' missing, assuming package has no files currently installed.
(Reading database ... 20310 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to replace git 1:1.7.4.1-3 (using .../git_1%3a1.7.4.1-3_i386.deb) ...
/var/lib/dpkg/tmp.ci/preinst: 12: dpkg-maintscript-helper: not found
dpkg: error processing /var/cache/apt/archives/git_1%3a1.7.4.1-3_i386.deb (--unpack):
 subprocess new pre-installation script returned error exit status 127
/var/lib/dpkg/tmp.ci/postrm: 14: dpkg-maintscript-helper: not found
dpkg: error while cleaning up:
 subprocess new post-removal script returned error exit status 127
Errors were encountered while processing:
 /var/cache/apt/archives/git_1%3a1.7.4.1-3_i386.deb
E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)

我正在使用以下存储库:

# deb cdrom:[Ubuntu 8.04.3 _Hardy Heron_ - Release i386 (20090713.1)]/ hardy main restricted
# See http://help.ubuntu.com/community/UpgradeNotes for how to upgrade to
# newer versions of the distribution.

deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty main restricted
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty main restricted

## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the
## distribution.
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates main restricted
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates main restricted


## main & restricted repositories
# deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid main restricted
# deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid main restricted

#deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security main restricted
#deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security main restricted

## universe repositories
#deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid universe
#deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid universe
#deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates universe restricted main
#deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates universe

#deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security universe
#deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security universe

## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to
## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in
## universe WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu security
## team.
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty universe
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty universe
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates universe
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates universe

## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu 
## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to 
## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in 
## multiverse WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu
## security team.
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty multiverse
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty multiverse
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates multiverse
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates multiverse

任何人都知道发生了什么,或者我如何解决这个问题并安装git?

[edit]以下是apt-cache policy dpkg:

的输出

dpkg: Installed: 1.15.5.6ubuntu4 Candidate: 1.16.0~ubuntu7.1 Version table: 1.16.0~ubuntu7.1 0 500 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates/main Packages 1.16.0~ubuntu7 0 500 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty/main Packages *** 1.15.5.6ubuntu4 0 100 /var/lib/dpkg/status

现在,apt完全被打破了。我试图更新dpkg,因为我注意到它已经过时了几个版本。它失败了,因为它无法安装git。我尝试了apt-get purge,apt-get clean和apt-get update。还是一样的问题。我试图删除git并得到了这个:

dpkg:
  Installed: 1.15.5.6ubuntu4
  Candidate: 1.16.0~ubuntu7.1
  Version table:
     1.16.0~ubuntu7.1 0
        500 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty-updates/main Packages
     1.16.0~ubuntu7 0
        500 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ natty/main Packages
 *** 1.15.5.6ubuntu4 0
        100 /var/lib/dpkg/status

最佳答案

好吧,我修好了。我不得不手动删除包,然后强制dpkg清除自己。之后我从git-core安装了它,运行正常。要手动删除包,我去了

/var/cache/apt/archives

并删除了git_1%3a1.7.4.1-3_i386.deb文件。之后我去了

/var/lib/dpkg/info

做了ls | grep git并删除了所有出现的内容。之后,我跑了

/var/cache/apt/archives

清理包的dpkg。一旦完成,我就可以从git-core而不是git包安装git,它运行得很好。


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