为什么我的eth0名为eno16777736?

Modified on: Thu, 13 Jun 2019 14:00:02 +0800

我见过http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software / systemd / PredictableNetworkInterfaceNames /,描述了一致/可预测设备命名的基本原理,然后生成设备名称的规则

 * Two character prefixes based on the type of interface:
 *   en -- ethernet
 *   sl -- serial line IP (slip)
 *   wl -- wlan
 *   ww -- wwan
 *
 * Type of names:
 *   b<number>                             -- BCMA bus core number
 *   ccw<name>                             -- CCW bus group name
 *   o<index>                              -- on-board device index number
 *   s<slot>[f<function>][d<dev_port>]     -- hotplug slot index number
 *   x<MAC>                                -- MAC address
 *   [P<domain>]p<bus>s<slot>[f<function>][d<dev_port>]
 *                                         -- PCI geographical location
 *   [P<domain>]p<bus>s<slot>[f<function>][u<port>][..][c<config>][i<interface>]
 *                                         -- USB port number chain

所以让我说我有设备eno16777736:为什么叫它?这是一张以太网卡,我知道了。但是我怎么能自己回到这个界面的其余部分?

我检查了/sys/class/net/eno16777736,并看到:

eno16777736 -> ../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:11.0/0000:02:01.0/net/eno16777736

不确定如何解释这一点,或者我是否可以使用此信息来访问eno16777736

更新强>

所以16777736是设备的acpi_index。每https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/ ABI / testing / sysfs-bus-pci

What:       /sys/bus/pci/devices/.../acpi_index
Date:       July 2010
Contact:    Narendra K <narendra_k@dell.com>, linux-bugs@dell.com
Description:
        Reading this attribute will provide the firmware
        given instance (ACPI _DSM instance number) of the PCI device.
        The attribute will be created only if the firmware has given
        an instance number to the PCI device. ACPI _DSM instance number
        will be given priority if the system firmware provides SMBIOS
        type 41 device type instance also.

确实:

core@localhost /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:11.0/0000:02:01.0 $ find . -type f | xargs grep 1677 2> /dev/null
./net/eno16777736/uevent:INTERFACE=eno16777736
./acpi_index:16777736

此外,要协调来自ifconfigip link的输出以及lspci中的设备:

$ ifconfig
eno16777736: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 10.0.0.37  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 10.0.0.255
        inet6 fe80::20c:29ff:fe70:c039  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        inet6 2601:a:7c0:66:20c:29ff:fe70:c039  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x0<global>
        ether 00:0c:29:70:c0:39  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 326  bytes 37358 (36.4 KiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 172  bytes 45999 (44.9 KiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0
        device interrupt 19  base 0x2000 

注意“设备中断19”。来自lspci -v,它有“IRQ 19”:

02:01.0 Ethernet controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] 79c970 [PCnet32 LANCE] (rev 10)
        Subsystem: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] PCnet - Fast 79C971
        Physical Slot: 33
        Flags: bus master, medium devsel, latency 64, IRQ 19
        I/O ports at 2000 [size=128]
        [virtual] Expansion ROM at fd500000 [disabled] [size=64K]
        Kernel driver in use: pcnet32

在这里您还可以看到“Phyiscal Slot 33”,实际上,有时VMWare会引导获取ens33作为接口名称的VM。所以,目前还不清楚为什么其他时候选择eno16777736。但是16777736来自acpi_index,33来自PCI插槽。

最佳答案

以太网的

en

o for onboard

16777736是固件(BIOS / EFI)提供的设备索引。在1处启动索引是合乎逻辑的。或者,或者您拥有合理的固件和超过1600万的板载设备!但更有可能的是,您在VMware社区上看到了问题(但没有回答) - 它似乎这个数字来自acpi_index上可能出现的负溢出。

您可以通过以下方式查看系统的udev的类似信息:

udevadm info --name=/dev/eno16777736 --attribute-walk
作者:,garethTheRed

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