如何通过SSH在Vim中启用颜色?

Modified on: Wed, 15 May 2019 13:00:03 +0800

我有两台远程服务器:

服务器1:Linux 2.6.18-238.12.1.el5PAE i686 / VIM - Vi IMproved - 版本7.0.237
服务器2:Linux 2.6.18-338.19.1.el5.lve0.8.36 x86_64 / VIM - Vi IMproved版本7.0.237

当我进入服务器2并使用vim编辑php.htaccess文件时,它具有漂亮的颜色突出显示。下面是该服务器上的/etc/vimrc文件。

当我进入服务器1时,没有颜色显示出来。我尝试将下面的代码复制到服务器1上的〜/ .vimrc文件中,但颜色语法不起作用。其他功能(如set nocompatible)正在运行,但不是颜色。

为什么服务器1上的颜色不起作用,我该如何测试和修复它?两个终端上的tput colors返回8。我尝试了:syntax on上的语法和:syntax enable,但这也无济于事。

------------------------------------------------------------

/etc/vimrc文件的内容:

if v:lang =~ "utf8$" || v:lang =~ "UTF-8$"
   set fileencodings=utf-8,latin1
endif

set nocompatible    " Use Vim defaults (much better!)
set bs=indent,eol,start     " allow backspacing over everything in insert mode
"set ai         " always set autoindenting on
"set backup     " keep a backup file
set viminfo='20,\"50    " read/write a .viminfo file, don't store more
            " than 50 lines of registers
set history=50      " keep 50 lines of command line history
set ruler       " show the cursor position all the time

" Only do this part when compiled with support for autocommands
if has("autocmd")
  augroup redhat
    " In text files, always limit the width of text to 78 characters
    autocmd BufRead *.txt set tw=78
    " When editing a file, always jump to the last cursor position
    autocmd BufReadPost *
    \ if line("'\"") > 0 && line ("'\"") <= line("$") |
    \   exe "normal! g'\"" |
    \ endif
  augroup END
endif

if has("cscope") && filereadable("/usr/bin/cscope")
   set csprg=/usr/bin/cscope
   set csto=0
   set cst
   set nocsverb
   " add any database in current directory
   if filereadable("cscope.out")
      cs add cscope.out
   " else add database pointed to by environment
   elseif $CSCOPE_DB != ""
      cs add $CSCOPE_DB
   endif
   set csverb
endif

" Switch syntax highlighting on, when the terminal has colors
" Also switch on highlighting the last used search pattern.
if &t_Co > 2 || has("gui_running")
  syntax on
  set hlsearch
endif

if &term=="xterm"
     set t_Co=8
     set t_Sb=%dm
     set t_Sf=%dm
endif

:版本输出

VIM - Vi IMproved 7.0 (2006 May 7, compiled Aug  4 2010 07:21:18)
Included patches: 1, 3-4, 7-9, 11, 13-17, 19-26, 29-31, 34-44, 47, 50-56, 58-64, 66-73, 75, 77-92, 94-107, 109, 202, 234-237
Compiled by <bugzilla@redhat.com>
Tiny version without GUI.  Features included (+) or not (-):
-arabic -autocmd -balloon_eval -browse +builtin_terms -byte_offset -cindent -clientserver -clipboard -cmdline_compl -cmdline_hist -cmdline_info -comments -cryptv -cscope -cursorshape -dialog -diff -digraphs -dnd -ebcdic -emacs_tags -eval -ex_extra -extra_search -farsi
-file_in_path -find_in_path -folding -footer +fork() -gettext -hangul_input +iconv -insert_expand -jumplist -keymap -langmap -libcall -linebreak -lispindent -listcmds -localmap -menu -mksession -modify_fname -mouse -mouse_dec -mouse_gpm -mouse_jsbterm -mouse_netterm
-mouse_xterm +multi_byte -multi_lang -mzscheme -netbeans_intg -osfiletype -path_extra -perl -printer -profile -python -quickfix -reltime -rightleft -ruby -scrollbind -signs -smartindent -sniff -statusline -sun_workshop -syntax -tag_binary -tag_old_static -tag_any_white
 -tcl +terminfo -termresponse -textobjects -title -toolbar -user_commands -vertsplit -virtualedit -visual -viminfo -vreplace +wildignore -wildmenu -windows +writebackup -X11 -xfontset -xim -xsmp -xterm_clipboard -xterm_save
   system vimrc file: "/etc/virc"
     user vimrc file: "$HOME/.vimrc"
      user exrc file: "$HOME/.exrc"
  fall-back for $VIM: "/usr/share/vim"
Compilation:
gcc -c -I. -Iproto -DHAVE_CONFIG_H     -O2 -g -pipe -Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -m32 -march=i386 -mtune=generic -fasynchronous-unwind-tables -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2
Linking: gcc   -L/usr/local/lib -o vim       -lselinux -ltermcap -lacl
作者:,cwd

最佳答案

我怀疑你在alias vim=vi中有一个~/.bashrc。试试这个来运行'real'命令,而不是别名:

\vim /path/to/php/file

看起来你正在运行CentOS。确保安装了vim-enhanced包:

rpm -qa | grep vim
vim-minimal-7.0.109-4.el5_2.4z
vim-enhanced-7.0.109-7.el5
vim-common-7.0.109-7.el5
作者:,quanta

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